EXPERIMENTAL TEST AND FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF POTATO IMPACT ACCELERATION
DOI : https://doi.org/10.35633/inmateh-65-02
To analyze the maximum acceleration (amax) of a potato colliding with different objects, both experimental test and finite element analysis (FEA) methods were used. Results showed that when potatoes were collided with the single rod, the steel plate and the double rods, the average discrepancies of FEA and experimental test values were 5.3%, 3.95% and 5.04%. The maximum acceleration increased with the increase of potato drop height, and decreased with the increase of potato mass. Under the same conditions, the maximum acceleration decreased in turn when the potatoes were collided with the steel plate, the single rod and the double rods. The FEA results showed that the maximum acceleration in collision with the steel plate was 60.78% to 96.29% higher than that with the double rods. The maximum acceleration in collision with the steel plate was 53.89% to 83.27% higher than that with the double rods. The maximum acceleration in collision with the single rod covered with soil was 37.65% and 31.54% lower than that without soil. The research methods and conclusions of this article provided a basis for the analysis of impact mechanics and damage mechanism of potatoes, and contributed to further researches related to solid-like agricultural and food products.
Abstract in Chinese