DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF A TEST BENCH FOR ROTATION TYPE ANTI-BLOCKING DEVICE OF NO-MINIMUM TILL SEEDER
Anti-blocking and seedbed cleaning are one of the key process in no/minimum till seeding in the Northwest arid area in China. Soil tillage performance and straw cutting performance such as tillage depth stability, straw cutting ratio, torque requirement are important indexes that influence anti-blocking and seedbed cleaning performance. In order to investigate the performance of rotation type anti-blocking device of no/minimum till seeder under different operation parameters, this paper designed a rotation type anti-blocking device test bench. It mainly comprises frame, torque sensor, speed sensor, speed-adjustable motor, straw fixture, rotation blades and land wheel, its working width was 1100 mm. The torque requirement could be determined with torque sensor and rotation speed could be determined with proximity speed sensor. The test bench could hitch with test vehicle of soil bin to conduct experiment. With the test vehicle, travel speed could be adjusted; with the speed adjustable motor, rotation speed (0-300 r/min) could be adjusted; besides, operation performance of different rotation type device can be determined by changing the device. Soil bin experiment of idling test, tillage test and straw cutting performance test was conducted taking rotation speed as testing factors and torque and straw cutting performance as response indicators. Results showed that tillage depth stability of the test bench was 87.2%, and it could satisfy the test requirement and operation steadily. Results of the tillage experiment showed that torque requirement of tillage and idling test both increased with the increase rotation speed significantly; results of the straw cutting test preliminarily found that the critical cutting speed under supported cutting was between 100-200 r/min under the given condition. This study could provide reference for the performance research for anti-blocking device of no/minimum till seeder.
Abstract in Chinese