DESIGN AND EXPERIMENT ON SEED-GUIDING TUBE OF T-GROOVE FURROWING DEVICE BASED ON BRACHISTOCHRONE
The disorder flow of seeds caused by the collision in the seed-guiding tube is one of the important reasons for the reduction of seeding uniformity. For this problem, a seed-guiding tube with brachistochrone considering the influence of friction was presented in this paper. By analyzing kinetics and rotating the equation coordinate system, brachistochrone under the condition of friction was obtained and applied to the design of the structural parameters of the grain conductor of T-groove furrowing device, and a discrete element model of the grain conductor and wheat was established, thus single-factor simulation analysis and quadratic regression orthogonal rotation combination simulation tests were conducted to explore the optimal combination of parameters. The test results showed that the seed-guiding tube had a brachistochrone radius of 14.708 mm, a linear length of 500 mm and a working speed of 4 km/h, and the seed spacing offset dispersion degree and the seed lateral offset dispersion degree were 12.26 and 8.53 respectively, which had a high seeding uniformity. The results of the bench validation test showed that the coefficients of variation of the two test evaluation indexes between the bench test results and the virtual simulation results were 10.20% and 8.62% respectively, therefore the simulation results could be used for the optimization of the seed guide tube.
Abstract in Chinese