DESIGNING A LONGITUDINAL HOB-TYPE STALK CHOPPING DEVICE FOR CORN COMBINE HARVESTER
At present, the quality of chopping stalks with the use of a corn combine harvester needs improvement. Therefore, this study aims at designing a hob-type stalk chopping device to be installed under the header which can realize multiple groups of parallel longitudinal arrangements. Moreover, the device will be able to cut and crush the root and the middle and upper parts of the stalks. The performance of a finite element analysis corroborated the satisfactory strength and stiffness of the designed chopping blade as the mechanical requirements. Moreover, the influencing working and structural parameters were determined using a theoretical analysis. Regarding the test factors, i.e., the tip angle of the blades, fixed angle and the rotational speed of chopper shaft, single-factor and central composite design tests were also performed. Furthermore, the percentage of the qualified length of chopped stalk and the power consumption of cutting stalk were taken as the evaluation indexes. Accordingly, the results revealed the influencing parameters to be ordered as the spindle speed > fixed angle > tip angle of the blades. Subsequently, the parameters were optimized using the response surface method. Based on the obtained results, the optimized parameters including the spindle speed, the fixed angle and the tip angle of the blades were specified as 1050 r/min, 56°, and 40°, respectively. The experimental validation was also carried out on the optimal combination of the parameters. The qualified lengths of the chopped stalks were found to be 92.9%, which were consistent with the predicted results of the model. Hence, the test results met the design requirements.
Abstract in Chinese