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Topic

Technologies and technical equipment for agriculture and food industry

Volume

Volume 67 / No. 2 / 2022

Pages : 487-496

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RESEARCH STATUS OF MECHANIZE DPRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT OF BUCKWHEAT IN CHINA

中国荞麦机械化生产技术与装备研究现状

DOI : https://doi.org/10.35633/inmateh-67-48

Authors

(*) Qi LU

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences Group Co., Ltd.,College of Agricultural Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University

Decong ZHENG

College of Agricultural Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University

Lihong LI

College of Agricultural Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University

Fangjian LIU

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences Group Co., Ltd.

Yun LIU

College of Agricultural Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University

(*) Corresponding authors:

Abstract

In view of the low level of mechanized sowing and harvesting technology of buckwheat, the operation quality of mechanized production equipment needs to be improved, which can not adapt to the production practice of the rapid development of buckwheat industry at this stage in China. This paper summarized the scale of buckwheat production in the world in recent years. The main planting provinces and yields of buckwheat in China were analyzed. The problems of mechanized sowing and harvesting of buckwheat in China were analyzed. The typical machines used in production at present and their characteristics were described. It is pointed out that the future research on Buckwheat seeding technology and equipment should focus on precision seeding technology, trencher anti-blocking technology, key technology of community seeding, intelligent monitoring system. At the same time, it also pointed out that the mechanized harvesting technology and equipment of buckwheat should focus on the research of agricultural machinery and agronomy integration technology, hilly and mountainous harvesting technology, community harvesting technology, harvesting operation technical specifications and quality standards. The summary of mechanized seeding and harvesting technology of buckwheat at the present stage is expected to provide reference for the development of China's buckwheat industry.

Abstract in Chinese

针对中国荞麦机械化播种和收获技术水平不高,机械化生产装备作业质量有待提高,不能适应现阶段荞麦产业快速发展的生产实际。文章综述了世界近年来荞麦生产规模,分析了荞麦在中国的主要种植省份和产量情况,分析了中国荞麦机械化播种和收获技术存在的问题,阐述了目前生产上使用的典型机具及机具特点,指出了荞麦播种技术与装备未来应重点研究精量播种技术、开沟器防堵技术、小区播种关键技术、智能监控系统等,荞麦机械化收获技术与装备应重点研究农机农艺融合技术、丘陵山区收获技术、小区收获技术、收获作业技术规范和质量标准制定等。通过对现阶段荞麦机械化播种和收获技术的总结,以期为中国荞麦产业的发展提供参考。

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