INVESTIGATION OF THE ENERGY INDICATORS FOR THE SURFACE TILLAGE OF SOIL BY A HARROW WITH A SCREW-TYPE WORKING BODY
ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ЕНЕРГЕТИЧНИХ ПОКАЗНИКІВ ПОВЕРХНЕВОГО ОБРОБІТКУ ҐРУНТУ БОРОНОЮ З ГВИНТОВИМ РОБОЧИМ ОРГАНОМ
Restoration of the soil fertility is an important task for scientists and practitioners. Based on the constructed mathematical model of the surface of a screw-type working body, rotating around a fixed horizontal axis, there are determined the work and power of penetration of the screw-type working body into the soil, loosening the soil and overcoming the soil friction. It has been established that the cutting power is proportional to the square root of deepening of the working body (а1/2), and the radius of the working body (R1/2) is directly proportional to the speed of the unit V. On the basis of a complex of experimental studies, regression dependencies were derived to determine the traction resistance when cultivating the soil with a harrow, equipped with screw-type working bodies. It has been found that the dominant impact upon the value of the traction resistance Рх is exerted by the depth of tillage h, then by the angle of attack β of the battery of the screw-type working bodies, but the least impact is made by the change in the speed of the harrow V. The difference between the calculated and the experimental values of the traction resistance ranges from 9.6...11.2%.
Abstract in Ukrainian