STUDY ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RECOGNITION METHODS FOR MAIZE LEAF LESION IMAGE
Maize eyespot and maize curvularia leaf spot are two diseases that often occur on maize leaves. Because of the similarity of the shape and structure, it is difficult to identify the two diseases just relying on the observation of the growers. For the harmfulness and prevention methods are different, it would cause great loss if the disease can't be identified accurately. To address this issue, this paper first employs a connected region feature recognition method to design an automated lesion cropping process after acquiring leaf images with several lesions. Subsequently, a lesion recognition model based on the AlexNet architecture is built and subjected to five-fold cross-validation experiments. The results indicate that the model achieves a comprehensive recognition accuracy exceeding 99%. To further comprehend model characteristics, an analysis of the recognition accuracy and its fluctuations is conducted, revealing that the fractal growth and biological characteristics of the lesions may influence the recognition results. Moreover, the distribution of model parameters could be a potential reason for fluctuations in recognition accuracy rates with increasing number of iterations. This paper could offer valuable reference and support for the intelligent identification and diagnosis of maize and other plant diseases.
Abstract in Chinese